Under the tankBank #1Behind the seat
OwnerJon Krauss
LocationKings Beach, California United States map
Email email image
Vehicle1980 M-16
Russian motorcycle of BMW configuration of an unknown year.
I believe it is from the 1980's from website pictures but
because many were imported without a title, the year is
usually given as 1965 to avoid registration problems by
making it an older vehicle.
MotorAgni Motors 110-r Permanent Magnet DC
Pancake style 19kw rare earth magnet motor. My 96-r dies
and I upgraded to a 110-r (at quite a cost) , which has
performed flawlessly. It was suggested that the 96-r died
from low rpm use (I doubt it) so I installed a tach and try and
keep speed over 2500 rpm when loaded.
Drivetrain2WD, 4 speed gearbox with modified BMW airhead dry clutch.
Differential drive proportions each of the driven wheels.
4.00/19 wheels
Controller PG Drives Sigmadrive
72-80v 450A contoller
Batteries24 CALB/Skyenergy CALB (China Aircraft Lithium Battery) 70Ah, 3.40 Volt, Lithium Iron Phosphate
Two packs of 12 cells mounted in aluminum boxes between
the sidecar and the bike.
A Ligoo/Wicom BMS controls charge and discharge.
I had one cell go bad and it was replaced under warranty. The
replacement cell appears to be the weakest one in the pack.
System Voltage72 Volts
ChargerElcon PFC1500
Connected with CAN bus to BMS. Recharges completely in
about 4 hr.
DC/DC Converter HWZ 72 to 13.5V
25 Amp output.
An additional Green Galaxy converter supplies power to the
BMS when the bike is shut down.
InstrumentationSpeedometer, odometer, BMS touchscreen, Cycle Analyst,
magnetic pickup tachometer on flywheel
Top Speed45 MPH (72 KPH)
AccelerationPretty good. I only use the top 3 out of 4 gears and rarely drop
into second.
Range25 Miles (40 Kilometers)
I've pretty much figured out the max range. The BMS kills
things when any cell drops below specs.
EV Miles
Current:600 Miles (965 Kilometers)
Seating Capacity3 adults
Curb Weight600 Pounds (272 Kilograms)
Russian steel is quite heavy. The body work is on the level of
1950's cars
Conversion TimePlanning 6 months
Building, about 200 hrs, including refurbishing the bike
Conversion CostBike $1800
Motor & Controller $2600
Batteries and BMS $3000
Charger $500
12V converter(s) $150
Cycle Analyst $150
Tachometer $20
Additional FeaturesLigoo (Wicom) BMS mounted in the battery boxes and sidecar controls charge and
discharge. After repeated e-mails I've finally given up on the Ligoo support. The system
works well as battery management for charging but the display never reads the state of
discharge. I added a simple Cycle Analyst monitor which works quite well and is readable
in daylight, something Ligoo doesn't seem to deem necessary. Maybe the sun doesn't
rise in China.
This ride always attracts people, most of whom don't realize it's electric but are drawn to
the ragged paint and sidecar. The previous owner put BMW decals on it which I have
I had to replace all the rims on the rig. The Russian rims were junk. Also added a steering
stabilizer, recommended for sidecars of any type.

code by jerry